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QEMU for Raspbian.img

Run Raspberry PI on Desktop Linux

Although there is many articles on the web about easy setup QEMU for Raspberry PI software called "Raspbian" most of them are outdated.  Many of them were written 3,4 years ago from now, and get failed when apply them to currently avilable Raspbian.  Yesterday, I have found a Japanese blog describing this topic for most recent Raspbian 2014-09-09-wheezy.img, and it works perfect.

Here is the quick walkthough as memo:

Install Debian 8 (Jessie) on newly created virtual machine on Hyper-V, with 4GB RAM without dynamic memory option.  No specific change for Debian 8 installation except for uncheck all software to be intalled, but ssh.

On root;

apt-get install sudo

#and then add myself to sudo group on /etc/groups file; then logout and back login

sudo apt-get qemu unzip
mkdir raspi
cd raspi
unzip raspbian_latest
qemu-system-arm -kernel kernel-qemu -cpu arm1176 -m 256 -M versatilepb -no-reboot -serial stdio -append "root=/dev/sda2 panic=1 rootfstype=ext4 rw init=/bin/bash" -hda 2014-09-09-wheezy-raspbian.img

 It will up QEMU console, and give you root shell;  Edit /etc/ on Raspbian and comment out 1st line.  Add /etc/udev/rules.d/90-qemu.rules file with contents below;

KERNEL=="sda", SYMLINK+="mmcblk0"
KERNEL=="sda?", SYMLINK+="mmcblk0p%n"
KERNEL=="sda2", SYMLINK+="root"

Finally, I can get Raspbian 2014-09-09.img up and running by;

qemu-system-arm -kernel kernel-qemu -cpu arm1176 -m 256 -M versatilepb -no-reboot -serial stdio -append "root=/dev/sda2 panic=1 rootfstype=ext4 rw" -hda 2014-09-09-wheezy-raspbian.img


Expand image

Back to host Debian jessie, increase Raspbian image file;

qemu-img resize 2014-09-09-wheezy-raspbian.img +2G

And then back login on Raspbian; use fdisk

sudo fdisk /dev/sda

Take note where start block number for /dev/sda2, which was 122880 as of 2014-09-09-wheezy-raspbian.img.  Delete 2nd partition, and create 2nd partition with using previous 122880 as start block instead of fdisk provided default (2048) but leave it default for last sector.

'w' command to write partition, and then reboot Raspbian.

Login to Raspbian, and run;

sudo resize2s /dev/sda2

That's it.  You have enough room to install software on Raspbian on QEMU on desktop Debian Jessie.


Compile speed comparison

Build time for /opt/vc/src/hello_pi/ has compared with native raspbery pi (no overclocked) and Emulated version.  Both are almost same performance.


  QEMU R Pi Cross build
real 1m1.323s 1m6.122s 0m3.768s
user 0m51.830s 0m54.100s 0m2.120s
sys 0m7.880s 0m4.800s 0m0.468s




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